THEME 4: Implementation of observing systems to estimate dynamics and change

The specific objective for Theme 4 is to progress the design and implementation of the Southern Ocean Observing System to estimate dynamics and change in marine ecosystems, including:

  1. Reviewing existing coverage of biological observing in Southern Ocean ecosystems,
  2. Reviewing ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables, including biological variables, and their standard methods suitable for measuring status and trends of Southern Ocean ecosystems, and
  3. Determining a suitable design and means for implementing a program for benchmarking Southern Ocean ecosystems in 2022-23, taking account of existing activities.

This discussion wishes to advance ecological observing from previous programs of the Census of Antarctic Marine Life, Southern Ocean GLOBEC and the CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program amongst others.  This work is supported by SOOS, ICED, and the SCAR groups within Life Sciences (see the SCAR website)

Key concepts and possible conclusions, along with summary figures, tables and key references will be compiled in a compendium in advance of the conference.  Presentations and posters are invited to contribute to these reviews and development of approaches to observing and benchmarking Southern Ocean ecosystems.  

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Inquiries about presentations to this theme or possible contributions of summaries to contribute to the compendium in advance of the conference - go to the Contact page and send us your inquiry.

General and example references

CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program (2017)

Hofmann, E. E., P. H. Wiebe, D. P. Costa and J. J. Torres (2011). "Introduction to understanding the linkages between Antarctic food webs and the environment: a synthesis of Southern Ocean GLOBEC studies." Deep Sea Research II 58: 1505-1507.

Schiaparelli, S., B. Danis, V. Wadley and D. Michael Stoddart (2013). The Census of Antarctic Marine Life: The First Available Baseline for Antarctic Marine Biodiversity. Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments, Volume 2: The Impacts of Global Change on Biodiversity. C. Verde and G. di Prisco. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg: 3-19.

Meredith, M. P., O. Schofield, L. Newman, E. Urban and M. Sparrow (2013). "The vision for a Southern Ocean Observing System." Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5(3–4): 306-313.

Constable, A. J., D. P. Costa, O. Schofield, L. Newman, E. R. Urban Jr, E. A. Fulton, J. Melbourne-Thomas, T. Ballerini, P. W. Boyd, A. Brandt, W. K. de la Mare, M. Edwards, M. Eléaume, L. Emmerson, K. Fennel, S. Fielding, H. Griffiths, J. Gutt, M. A. Hindell, E. E. Hofmann, S. Jennings, H. S. La, A. McCurdy, B. G. Mitchell, T. Moltmann, M. Muelbert, E. Murphy, A. J. Press, B. Raymond, K. Reid, C. Reiss, J. Rice, I. Salter, D. C. Smith, S. Song, C. Southwell, K. M. Swadling, A. Van de Putte and Z. Willis (2016). "Developing priority variables (“ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables” — eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems." Journal of Marine Systems 161: 26-41.

Xavier, J. C., A. Brandt, Y. Ropert-Coudert, R. Badhe, J. Gutt, C. Havermans, C. Jones, E. S. Costa, K. Lochte, I. R. Schloss, M. C. Kennicutt and W. J. Sutherland (2016). "Future Challenges in Southern Ocean Ecology Research." Frontiers in Marine Science 3(94).

Gutt, J., E. Isla, A. N. Bertler, G. E. Bodeker, T. J. Bracegirdle, R. D. Cavanagh, J. C. Comiso, P. Convey, V. Cummings, R. De Conto, D. De Master, G. di Prisco, F. d'Ovidio, H. J. Griffiths, A. L. Khan, J. López-Martínez, A. E. Murray, U. N. Nielsen, S. Ott, A. Post, Y. Ropert-Coudert, T. Saucède, R. Scherer, S. Schiaparelli, I. R. Schloss, C. R. Smith, J. Stefels, C. Stevens, J. M. Strugnell, S. Trimborn, C. Verde, E. Verleyen, D. H. Wall, N. G. Wilson and J. C. Xavier (2017). "Cross-disciplinarity in the advance of Antarctic ecosystem research." Marine Genomics. In press.

Constable, A. J., J. Melbourne-Thomas, R. Trebilco, A. J. Press and M. Haward (2017). ACE CRC Position Analysis: Managing change in Southern Ocean ecosystems. Hobart, Australia, Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre: 39 pp.

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